The type and level of information to be submitted with a planning application depends on the nature and impacts of the application itself. The ‘How to Apply’ page of the our website provides guidance on what these different levels and types of information are, and when they are required.
All applicants must submit the checklist at the end of the Design Code.
5.3 The impact of the proposal on heritage assets must be considered at the start of the design process because it determines whether you need to submit a Heritage, Design and Access Statement as part of your planning application.
5.4 The assessment must include:
If your assessment does not identify any heritage assets on the site and the proposal would not affect a nearby heritage assets, you do not need to submit a Design, Heritage and Access Statement. If this is the case, we recommend that you consider the rest of this section to ensure design responds to its context before moving on to the rest of the code.
If your assessment identifies at least one heritage asset that would be affected by your proposal, you will need to submit a Heritage, Design And Access Statement and follow the rest of the code in this section before moving on the rest of the code.
5.5. Where a heritage, design and access statement is required, this must clearly demonstrate an understanding of the significance and setting of any heritage assets affected by the proposal. Potential impacts (both direct and indirect) on that significance must then be reviewed and levels of potential harm evaluated.
5.6 The degree of detail and complexity of this assessment will depend on the size of the development and sensitivity of the site. However, it should be suitable to enable an informed planning decision and not be simply a list of sites and features.
5.7 See our guidance on Heritage Assessment and Information Requirements (2018) for further information.
5.8 In the case of an extension or conversion to a listed building, historic farmstead or non-designated building in a conservation area, the applicant must provide a detailed in-depth analysis of the significance and setting of the heritage asset(s) affected. This is likely to require either a fabric appraisal or analytical historic building survey, depending on the nature of the proposal.
5.9 The applicant must demonstrate how the design responds sensitively to heritage significance, including the use of building material, construction techniques, design cues and landscaping.
5.10 The applicant is required to pay particular attention to how changes to the setting of any heritage asset(s) could impact significance. Note that levels of public accessibility has no bearing on the extent of setting.
5.11 All heritage, design and access statements should include a site assessment to further consider the physical constraints and opportunities of their site. A site assessment should include (where applicable):
5.12 For developments requiring a heritage, design and access statement, this should include a historic character assessment that clearly demonstrates how the proposal responds to the existing neighbourhood and wider natural and cultural landscape of the area. The degree of detail and complexity of this will be proportionate to the size of the development and sensitivity of the site.
5.13 A typical assessment will include:
5.14 The applicant must consider how the proposal fits into the existing historic townscape setting. This will include not only consideration of visual impacts but also any effects of contextual relationships, such as the character of the wider street or square.
5.15 At the end of the process the applicant will be able to demonstrate how their proposal actively responds to the distinctive character and identity of an area and has been influenced by local building materials, scale and form, shopfront design traditions and settlement pattern.
5.16 If the site is in an area covered by a Neighbourhood Plan or Conservation Area Management Plan in place, the proposed development should respond to any relevant design considerations provided in these documents. See Understanding Place: Historic Area Assessments (2017) for further guidance.
5.17 The shopfront, signage and principal entrance must all be on the same elevation.
5.31 Shop doorway must be set back from the pavement and the space within the recess used for a ramp or steps to address any difference between the internal floor level and the pavement outside.
5.34 Shopfront security measures should be designed to retain views into the shop when closed through:
5.35 The shopfront frames and signs must be made from the following range of materials:
5.36 Shopfront glazing must avoid the need for window frames and mullions to be thick and bulky.
1a. The shopfront must not extend higher than the underside of the windowsills of the storey above, or, if in a single storey building, it must sit below the eaves or parapet level.
1b. The design of the shopfront must provide clear upper and lower limits to the size of signs. This can be achieved through projections such as a cornice and architrave or by having a fascia panel with defined edges.
1c. Each principal shop windowpane must be at least 30% taller than it is wide to give vertical proportions. Therefore, broad expanses of glass will be divided up by vertical mullions.
1d. There must be features that provide definitive left- and right-hand edges to the shopfront that define its extent. These features can be pilasters and/or returning the ends of the shopfront into the wall.
2a. Hanging signs must line through with the fascia of the shopfront, leave at least 2.4m clearance below and project no more than 0.75m forward of the shopfront.
2b. The shopfront, signage and principal entrance must all be on the same elevation.
2c. There must be a clear upper edge of the shopfront that projects outwards and shelters the signage and openings below.
2d. Where awnings or shutters are proposed, the design must specify the make and model and incorporate the specific dimensions of these in the overall shopfront design. Awnings must leave at least 2.4m clearance below the lowest edge of the awning.
Measuring the height of the shopfront from the pavement level outside to the top edge of the shopfront:
3. Where smaller lights are incorporated above the principal shop window panes, the height of this upper glazing should be 10 to 20% of the height of the principal window pane below.
4. The area above the shop window frame up to the top of the shopfront that includes the fascia sign should be no more than 20% of the total height of the shopfront.
5. The shop windows must be at least 60% of the total height of the shopfront.
6. The stallriser (the area between the shop windowsill and pavement) must be no more than 20% of the total height of the shopfront.
7. The shop doorway must be set back from the pavement and the space within the recess used for a ramp or steps to address any difference between the internal floor level and the pavement outside.
8. Looking at the shopfront from the pavement, the features of the shopfront that should be set furthest back are:
8a. The door, then
8b. The windowpanes of the shopfront, then
8c. The window frames of the shopfront, then
8d. The face of the stallriser, then
8e. The shop windowsill(s), then
8f. The fascia sign and any boxes to house awnings or shutters, then
8g. The pilasters (if present), and then
8h. The cornice or overall ‘roof’ of the shopfront. This will shelter and throw rainwater away from every part of the shopfront below.
5.37 To minimise the carbon generated through construction and development, new development must: