Trees and hedgerows

Trees are an important part of our towns and villages, as well as the countryside. We conserve our valuable trees and woodlands through Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs).

Tree preservation orders

What is a Tree Preservation Order?

A TPO is an order made by a local planning authority about trees or woodlands. They can be served on individual trees, groups of trees or woodlands. They are used to protect trees and woodlands if their removal or changes to them would have a significant impact on the local environment and its enjoyment by the public.

Which trees are covered by TPOs?

Find out if a tree is protected by:

  • The map shows the definitive digital record of Tree Preservation Orders and Conservation Areas in the Lake District National Park.
  • Any changes will be shown within 10 working days of an Order being made, modified or confirmed.
  • Zoom in and out of the map using the scroll button on your mouse. Left click to move the mapping around at a set scale.
  • TPOs are indicated by a green tree icon.  Click on the icon for further details and to link to a printable map.
  • Conservation Areas, where all trees are protected, are shown in brown.  Click in the area for further information or find out more in Trees in Conservation Areas.

Cutting down or carrying out work to a TPO tree

The cutting down, uprooting, topping, lopping, wilful damage, or destruction of trees without consent is a criminal offence. You must submit an application for consent under the tree preservation order.

Trees in conservation areas

Trees within Conservation Areas are protected. Conservation Areas are areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance. As such, work within them is restricted. This includes work to trees. Use our Conservation Areas page to find out if you live in a conservation area.

Anyone proposing to cut down or carry out work on a tree within a Conservation Area must give us six weeks prior notice. This allows us to consider whether a TPO should be made on the tree, or if work can continue.

You do not need permission if you want to cut down trees less than 7.5 cm in diameter (measured 1.5 metres above the ground) or 10 cm if thinning to help the growth of other trees.

How do I apply to undertake work on a protected tree?

You can apply online using the Planning Portal or complete the application form email it to or post it to Lake District National Park Authority, Murley Moss, Kendal, LA9 7RL.

Please ensure you give as much information as possible to support your application.

Tree work application checklist

Please ensure you submit as much information as possible to support your application. The following may be helpful:

Location Plan:

  • No smaller than 1:2500, usually 1:1250.
  • Mark the location of the individual trees, groups or woodlands that are part of your application. This can be drawn on a copy of the Tree Preservation Order map if you have access to one or in the case of conservation areas on the conservation area map if this is to a suitable scale for your proposal.
  • Show the application property in relation to all adjoining properties and the immediate surrounding area, including roads.
  • Show vehicular access to a highway if the site does not adjoin a highway.


These can be helpful in explaining the reasons for the proposal.

Details of proposals:

  • Type of tree: For example the common name for the tree such as oak, beech, birch or ash.
  • Ref. No: This relates to the number on the tree preservation order such as T1, T2 in the case of individual trees. G1, G2 in relation to groups and W1, W2 in relation to woodlands.
  • Detailed description of proposal: This can be as simple as "fell tree" or "crown raise tree to 2.4m", "Crown reduce tree be a maximum of 2 metres", "Crown thin tree by a maximum of 30%" and "remove broken, crossing branches", or "remove deadwood".
  • Reasons for proposal: For example "to prevent damage to a building or fence", "to prevent damage to pedestrians or vehicles" or "to increase light to property".

The government's Protected Trees - A Guide to Tree Preservation Procedures leaflet may also be helpful.

Replacement Trees

The Authority is likely to request a replacement tree to be planted if you propose to fell a tree. This does not have to be the same species of tree but should be suitable for the location. It is usually required to be as close to the location of the existing tree as possible but does not need to be in the exact same location.

View current and past Tree Work Applications

Applications made after 1 December 2005 can be viewed online through our Planning Application Search Tool.

Search by:

  • Planning Reference - enter the reference number for example T/2006/0001
  • Location such as Windermere
  • or Description such as tree or woodland

Copies of tree preservation orders

Maps of tree preservation orders are available online on the List of Tree Preservation Orders or our Tree Preservation Order  Search.

If you would like a copy of the full tree preservation order please email with details of the tree preservation order number, title or address for the order you require.

Protected hedgerows

Do I need permission to remove a hedgerow?

If the hedgerow is within or forms part of a dwelling's curtilage boundary, then you do not need to apply for permission. However the removal of other hedgerows may need permission. The links below provide more details on when permission is needed:

What is a Hedgerow Removal Notice?

The Hedgerow Regulations 1997 require that before the removal of certain hedgerows we - as the Local Planning Authority - must be notified with a Hedgerow Removal Notice.

Please complete the Application for Hedgerow Removal Notice Form (PDF) and return it to the address at the top of the form.

We will then consider whether the hedgerow is “important” by assessing the age, archaeological, wildlife, historical or landscape value of the hedge as defined in the 1997 regulations. We will then decide whether its loss would be acceptable.

If within 42 days of receiving a Hedgerow Removal Notice, we consider all or part of a hedgerow should be kept, we can issue a Hedgerow Retention Notice which prohibits the hedgerow’s removal.

Useful hedgerow links