Pylons in the distance of a stoney track in a valley

Breasthigh Road

This project will improve the surface of Breasthigh Road in Borrowdale, improve drainage and flood resilience on the route and create new areas of tree planting, which will increase biodiversity and reduce the impact of flooding.

Breasthigh Road is a Byway Open to All Traffic and Unclassified County Road in the Borrowdale area of the Lake District National Park. The route crosses mainly open fell land and is unsealed for most of its length, climbing steeply to 430m from either direction. It is a significant landscape feature visible from the A6 (Kendal to Shap). The route is around 3km in length and its surface consists of bedrock, large loose stones, hard-packed stony track and broken tarmac.

The route has been used since Medieval times as a link between Kendal and Orton and is recorded on the Historic Environment Record. It is now used as a ‘green lane’ (an unsealed rural road) for recreational leisure activities including walking, biking and recreational driving/motorcycling. It is recognised as an important Byway crossing from the Yorkshire Dales National Park to the East and the Lake District National Park and is also part of the ‘Trans Euro Trail’ which uses green lanes to traverse 38,000km of trails around Europe. The route is one of the few routes in the National Park that provides legal off-road driving for recreational driving and motorcycling, these routes forming less than 4% of the total National Park rights of way network.

Over many years the route has deteriorated, due to the exposed nature of the route, visitor pressure and significant flood events in the area. This has caused damage to the route including:

  • Blocked drainage gullies and culverts
  • Exposed broken concrete drains, where the surrounding road surface has washed away
  • Displaced and unstable stone on steeper sections
  • The lane surface has sunken below the surrounding hillsides, forming channels for water to run down.

Because of its condition, users are now deviating from the route itself, causing further damage to the fragile landscape surrounding the road, and increasing its visibility in the landscape.

The Borrowdale Restoration Project will restore the western section of the Breasthigh Road in the Borrowdale Valley to a surfaced, usable and sustainable ‘green lane’ status to encourage users to remain within the boundary of the road itself, enabling the surrounding landscape to recover.

Specifically, the project will:

  • Restore and increase the resilience of the drainage network by reinstating/clearing 1200m of existing drainage gully lines on either side of the track.
  • Replacing 5 broken culverts. The replaced culverts will also be widened to increase resilience to future flooding.
  • Pitching 38m of path to prevent further erosion of the route.
  • Repair an existing traditional stone culvert using traditional techniques and create a pitched ford to reduce erosion above it.
  • Re-landscaping/profiling a severely eroded section of the route to prevent further erosion and loss of surrounding vegetation.
  • Native tree planting on the flanks of ‘Borrowdale Edge’ on either side of Breast High Road.

The project is a partnership, involving the Lake District National Park Authority, Cumbria County Council, the TrailRiders Fellowship and the Local Access and Recreation Association. The project is being funded by Landscape Enhancement Initiative from National Grid, and the project will be managed by the Northern Area Ranger for the Lake District National Park Authority.

Project timeline

  • November 2021: National Grid confirm we have successful funding from the Landscape Enhancement Initiative
  • February 2022: Contract let for repair work on Breasthigh Road
  • May 2022: Closure of Breasthigh Road to motorised vehicles
  • May 2022 – August 2022: Contractor led repairs to the route
  • Summer 2022: Dry Stone Wall restoration work in Bretherdale
  • Autumn 2022: Tree Planting on Borrowdale Fell

Map showing Breasthigh Road

Map of route of Breasthigh Road

Map showing tree planting areas

Map showing areas of tree planting around Breasthigh Road

Visual impact of the current route

Eroded path across a grassy valley