Policy 23: Vehicle parking to improve sustainable transport

What are we trying to achieve?

We want fewer visitors arriving to the Lake District by private vehicle. However, we recognise opportunities are limited by the availability of public transport services, and by people’s behavioural habits. In the short to medium term we therefore recognise that the majority of people will continue to arrive by private vehicle but when they do arrive we would like them to park up for the day and use sustainable transport opportunities as this will help reduce congestion and pollution. We need to ensure there is a sufficient provision of public parking which enables onward sustainable travel, yet avoid overprovision of spaces that would be underutilised for the majority of the year.

What is the issue?

Tourism in the Lake District is still very seasonal, and the greatest demand for car parking comes from visitors as there are approximately 18 million in comparison to 40,000 residents. As such it is inevitable that demand for parking can exceed supply at peak times, particularly during summer and Easter school holidays, and sunny summer weekends. Fly-parking is an issue due to lack of capacity at peak times and/or because of parking charges.  Temporary parking which can provide additional capacity for up to 28 days often is not considered to be long enough to cover the peak season. There is a lack of coach parking in some locations. The provision of more car parking can lead to increased traffic, and therefore more congestion at pinch points. Car parking also has an impact on the visual amenity of the area and can affect the character of the landscape.

Our suggested approach

We will seek to enable the provision of additional coach parking – in suitable locations and where the local highway network can safely accommodate them.

We will seek to permit additional car parking in the right locations where it is supported by onward sustainable travel – and restrict parking in other locations unless exceptional circumstances dictate otherwise.

We will seek to secure developer contributions in the form of a proportion of turnover generated from new public parking provision to contribute to the improvement of local sustainable transport services and infrastructure.

Policy 23: Vehicle parking to improve sustainable transport

We will only support additional vehicle parking provision that helps to reduce the need to travel by private motor vehicle and improves sustainable transport opportunities.

We will achieve this by permitting:

  1. additional public parking at Transport Interchanges, Gateways, or Rural Service Centres which function as Multi-Purpose Hubs, (figures 6-10), only where evidence demonstrates it is needed and it:
    • facilitates the transfer of people to sustainable transport and travel opportunities; and
    • links to or incorporates and improves links to existing sustainable travel opportunities; and
    • encourages long stay parking; and
    • does not introduce inappropriate levels of use to the location and is consistent with other policy criteria.
  2. additional public parking at existing managed attractions or businesses only where evidence demonstrates it is needed for customer parking and where the applicant can demonstrate the proposal would deliver a modal shift in visitor travel by connecting with regular and scheduled public transport, ferry, or boat services. We may require improvements to sustainable transport to deliver this modal shift, where necessary secured by developer contributions, including to walking and cycling infrastructure.
  3. additional coach parking within Rural Service Centres, Showcase Areas and Travel Corridors, and at managed visitor attractions and accommodation where the local highway network can safely accommodate additional coaches.

Exceptionally, car parking proposals in locations other than those set out in 1 and 2 will only be permitted where it is demonstrated that proposals would:

  • resolve an unacceptable highway safety issue or hazard and all other relevant regulatory measures and enforcement have been exhausted; and
  • form part of a traffic management plan that integrates with other sustainable transport opportunities to manage traffic and would not lead to net increases in traffic accessing the location where it is proposed; and
  • not introduce inappropriate levels of use to the location and is consistent with other policy criteria; and
  • be supported by the local community; and
  • incorporate specific measures to manage traffic to the site through ‘smart’ parking information.

We will secure developer contributions (Policy 27) for all new car parking, where relevant, and a proportion of the turnover generated from additional chargeable public parking provision to ensure the development contributes to and continues to contribute to the maintenance and improvement of local sustainable travel initiatives, services or infrastructure.

Have your say!

Consultation closed on 29th June. Thank you to all of those who took part. Please keep an eye on our Local Plan homepage for announcements and feedback on the consultation

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