View of mountains above Wasdale copyright Tony West
View of mountains above Wasdale

Facts and figures

Lake District National Park

The Lake District National Park is England's largest and covers:

  • 2292 square kilometres
  • 885 square miles
  • 566,400 acres or
  • 229,200 hectares

Width (west to east): 53 km or 33 miles

Width (north to south): 64 km or 40 miles

Ten highest mountains

  1. Scafell Pike at 978 metres (3210 feet)
  2. Scafell at 964 metres (3162 feet)
  3. Helvellyn at 950 metres (3114 feet)
  4. Skiddaw at 931 metres(3053 feet)
  5. Great End at 910 metres (2986 feet)
  6. Bowfell at 902 metres (2940 feet)
  7. Great Gable at 899 metres (2960 feet)
  8. Pillar at 892 metres (2926 feet)
  9. Nethermost Pike at 891 metres (2923 feet)
  10. Catstycam (2917 feet)

There are at least 200 fell tops. The writer Alfred Wainwright wrote about 214. Check out the List of Wainwrights (opens in new window)

Sixteen largest lakes

  1. Windermere - 14.8 square kilometres
  2. Ullswater - 8.9 square kilometres
  3. Derwentwater - 5.5 square kilometres
  4. Bassenthwaite Lake - 5.3 square kilometres
  5. Coniston Water - 4.0 square kilometres
  6. Haweswater - 3.9 square kilometres
  7. Thirlmere - 3.3  square kilometres
  8. Ennerdale Water - 3 square kilometres
  9. Wastwater - 2.9  square kilometres
  10. Crummock Water - 2.5 square kilometres
  11. Esthwaite Water - 1 square kilometre
  12. Buttermere - 0.9 square kilometres
  13. Grasmere - 0.6 square kilometres
  14. Loweswater - 0.6 square kilometres
  15. Rydal Water - 0.3 square kilometres
  16. Brotherswater - 0.2 square kilometres 

Tarns

Tarn comes from the Old Norse word for 'pool'. It usually refers to a small mountain lake or pool. However as some tarns are larger than lakes, it's not an exact science! Here are some of the larger ones:

  • Blea Tarn
  • Little Langdale Tarn
  • Overwater Tarn
  • Stickle Tarn
  • Tarn Hows
  • Watendlath Tarn
  • Yew Tree Tarn

Facts about lakes and coastline

  • The deepest lake in England is Wastwater at 74 metres (243 feet)
  • England's longest lake is Windermere which is 10.5 miles long
  • There is only one official lake - Bassenthwaite Lake. All the others are 'meres' or 'waters'
  • The National Park includes 26 miles of coastline and estuaries
  • In the heavy rains of November 2009, Windermere lake rose 157cm. Over the week, that translates into an extra 35,700,000,000 litres. 22,100,000,000 litres of those were added in just 36 hours!

Key dates

  • 1810 William Wordsworth publishes "Guide to the Lakes"
  • 1847 Kendal and Windermere railway reaches Windermere
  • 1951 Lake District National Park established - read more in History of the National Park

Local population and housing

  • 40,800 people live within the boundaries of the National Park. (Source: 2011 census)
  • Population density per square kilometre: 18.4 (Source 2011 census)
  • Total dwellings: 22, 930
  • Owner occupied: 67.7 per cent
  • Rented: 32.3 per cent
  • Holiday or second homes: 15 per cent

(Source: Corporate Information Unit at Cumbria County Council)

Tourism

  • 15.5 million visitors a year (Source: STEAM 2013 - Cumbria Tourism)
  • 22.65 million tourist days (Source: STEAM 2013 - Cumbria Tourism)
  • Visitors spent £1051 million (Source: STEAM 2013 - Cumbria Tourism)

Find out more in Tourism.

Weather

Mean temperature in Ambleside:

  • July - 14.9 degrees centigrade
  • January - 3.1 degrees centigrade

Annual rainfall:

  • in Ambleside: 2061mm
  • in Seathwaite, the wettest inhabited place in England: 3552mm

Useful links:

Cultural Heritage

Need more?

If you want more information on geology, tourism or other areas, check out the other sections in Lake District facts helpful.

The State of the Park Report includes statistics on farming, employement and tourism.

Or for local traditions and famous people check out Uniquely Lake District.

Learn more about the UK's 15 National Parks

National Parks - Britain's breathing spaces logo

For facts and figures about other National Parks, check out National Parks - Learning about (opens in new window).